Home » In Need of Revitalization: Assessing the Deteriorating Condition of Zoos in India and the Road to Development

In Need of Revitalization: Assessing the Deteriorating Condition of Zoos in India and the Road to Development

by In-house Editor

Zoos play a vital role in conservation, education, and research. However, in India, several zoos have faced significant challenges that have led to their deteriorating condition. In this article, we explore the reasons behind the decline of five such zoos, the impact of government bodies on their functioning, their present situation, and the actions needed for their development.

1. National Zoological Park, Delhi:

Years Active: Established in 1959

Present Situation: National Zoological Park in Delhi has faced challenges related to inadequate funding, outdated infrastructure, and overcrowding of animals. Enclosures require refurbishment, and conservation initiatives need strengthening.

Government Impact: The Central Zoo Authority (CZA), a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, is responsible for monitoring zoo operations and providing guidelines for improvement.

Action for Development: It is crucial for the government to allocate sufficient funds for infrastructure upgrades, engage in capacity-building programs for zoo staff, and promote conservation partnerships to enhance the overall management of the zoo.

2. Alipore Zoological Gardens, Kolkata:

Years Active: Established in 1876

Present Situation: Alipore Zoological Gardens has faced issues such as encroachment on zoo land, outdated facilities, and challenges in maintaining animal welfare standards. Conservation efforts and visitor experience require significant improvement.

Government Impact: The West Bengal Zoo Authority oversees the functioning of the zoo and is responsible for implementing necessary measures for improvement.

Action for Development: The government needs to address land encroachment issues, invest in modernizing enclosures, promote animal enrichment programs, and enhance visitor education initiatives to revitalize the zoo’s operations.

3. Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Chennai:

Years Active: Established in 1855

Present Situation: Arignar Anna Zoological Park has faced challenges related to inadequate funding, encroachment on zoo land, and outdated infrastructure. The zoo requires modernization and stronger conservation efforts.

Government Impact: The Tamil Nadu Forest Department oversees the functioning of the zoo and collaborates with the CZA for guidance and support.

Action for Development: The government should allocate sufficient funds for infrastructural upgrades, address land encroachment issues, strengthen wildlife conservation programs, and promote public-private partnerships to enhance the overall management of the zoo.

4. Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad:

Years Active: Established in 1963

Present Situation: Nehru Zoological Park has encountered issues such as inadequate funding, poor animal management practices, and outdated visitor facilities. Conservation initiatives and visitor engagement need substantial improvement.

Government Impact: The Telangana Forest Department is responsible for managing the zoo’s operations and collaborates with the CZA for necessary guidance and regulations.

Action for Development: The government should allocate adequate funds for animal care, modernize enclosures, invest in visitor amenities, promote education and awareness programs, and enhance veterinary care facilities to ensure the well-being of animals and provide an enriching visitor experience.

5. Mysuru Zoo, Mysuru:

Years Active: Established in 1892

Present Situation: Mysuru Zoo faces challenges such as insufficient funding, overcrowding of animals, and outdated infrastructure. The zoo requires modernization and improved animal welfare standards.

Government Impact: The Zoo Authority of Karnataka governs the operations of the zoo and collaborates with the CZA for necessary guidance and regulations.

Action for Development: The government should allocate adequate funds for infrastructural development, implement measures to control animal population, promote conservation initiatives, and prioritize animal welfare practices to ensure the zoo’s sustainable growth.

The deteriorating condition of zoos in India demands immediate attention. Government bodies, such as the CZA and respective state zoo authorities, play a significant role in monitoring and providing guidelines for zoo management. Addressing challenges related to funding, infrastructure, animal welfare, and visitor experience is crucial for the development and revitalization of these zoos. By implementing necessary actions, such as adequate funding, modernization of enclosures, conservation initiatives, and visitor education programs, India can work towards creating sustainable and well-managed zoos that contribute effectively to wildlife conservation, education, and research.

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